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人教版高一英语必修一知识点总结

时间:2017-10-25 英语 我要投稿

  学好英语没有捷径可走,所以从学习必修一的英语开始,我们就要脚踏实地,将每个知识点理解清楚。下面是满分网小编为大家整理的高一英语必修一知识总结,希望对大家有用!

  高一英语必修一知识总结

  1. 梦想进行大型自行车旅行 dream about taking a great bike trip

  2. 大学毕业 graduate from college

  3. 有机会干某事 get the chance to do sth.

  4. 从它开始的地方到它结束的地方 from where it begins to where it ends

  5. 使某人对某事感兴趣 get sb. interested in sth.

  6. 干某事的最好方式 the best way of doing sth / to do sth

  7. 改变某人的主意 change one’s mind

  8 .在…… 的高度 at an altitude of…

  9. 下定决心干某事 make up one’s mind to do sth

  10. 穿过深谷 pass through deep valleys

  11 .确信、确定be sure about / of sth

  12. 像往常一样as usual

  13.扎营make camp

  14.首先 其次For one thing, … ; for another,…

  15 .向某人问候say ―Hello‖ to …

  16 .在别人眼中看世界to see the world through somebody else’s eyes

  17. 支起, 竖起put up

  18. 熟悉, 为某人所熟悉be familiar to

  19. 关心, 在乎care about

  20. 坚决的表情a determined look

  高一英语必修一语法知识

  被动语态的特殊结构形式

  (1)带情态动词的被动结构。其形式为:情态动词+be+过去分词。

  例The baby should be taken good care of by the baby-sitter.

  (2)有些动词可以有两个宾语,在用于被动结构时,可以把主动结构中的一个宾语变为主语,另一宾语仍然保留在谓语后面。通常变为主语的是间接宾语。

  例His mother gave him a present for his birthday. 可改为 He was given a present by his mother for his birthday.

  (3)当“动词+宾语+宾语补足语”结构变为被动语态时,将宾语变为被动结构中的主语,其余不动。

  例Someone caught the boy smoking a cigarette. 可改为The boy was caught smoking a cigarette.

  (4)在使役动词have, make, get以及感官动词see, watch, notice, hear, feel, observe等后面不定式作宾语补语时,在主动结构中不定式to要省略,但变为被动结构时,要加to。

  例Someone saw a stranger walk into the building. 可改为A stranger was seen to walk into the building.

  (5)有些相当于及物动词的动词词组,如“动词+介词”,“动词+副词”等,也可以用于被动结构,但要把它们看作一个整体,不能分开。其中的介词或副词也不能省略。

  例The meeting is to be put off till Friday.

  高一英语必修一知识

  关系代词前介词的选择

  在介词+关系代词引导的定语从句中,应注意介词的正确选择。

  ① 根据后面动词和介词的搭配关系选择。

  The two things of which they felt prud were Jim's watch and Della's hair.

  他们引以为豪的两样东西是吉姆的手表和德拉的头发。(feel proud of是固定搭配词组)

  In the dark street there was not a single person to whom she could turn for help.在漆黑的街道上没有一个她可以求助的人。(turn to sb. for help是固定搭配词组)

  ②根据与前面名词的搭配关系选择。

  I'll never forget the ay on which I first met him.

  我永远忘不了我第一次遇见他的那一天。(the day前面一般用介词on)

  Can you imagine a proper situation in which the expression can be used

  你能设想一个使用这个词语的场合吗?(a situation前面一般用in)

  ③有时须同时考虑动词和介词的搭配关系及介词和名词的搭配关系。

  Galileo made a telescope through which he could tudy the sky.

  伽里略制作了一个望远镜,通过它他得以研究天空。(study the sky through the telescope)

  Is that the house in which you once lived那就是你曾经住过的房子吗?(live in the house)

  ④根据所要表达的意思来确定。

  This is my pair of glasses, without which I cannot see clearly. 这是我的眼镜,离了它我什么也看不清。


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